Reliable transmission and distribution of electricity is integral to a utility and its customers. The equipments in a substation should be able to monitor and control the flow of electricity and quickly respond to real-time events without service interruptions.
Smart grid expands the ability of automated substations by building intelligence into existing systems to be able to predict, manage, avoid and quickly respond to real-time events. Automation decreases response times, reduce service calls, enable remote management of operations and improve efficiency. Utilities are also transitioning from closed, proprietary protocols to open standards-based solutions which not only offer interoperability but also vendor independence.